SUSTAINABLE  CERTIFICATIONS

There are a growing number of organizations that regulate and certify vineyards for range of environmentally sustainable practices. There is no agreement on what is the 'best' or 'most climate-friendly' certification.

Organic and Biodynamic certifications are among the most established and regulated. I will be adding others to this list as time permits. Any suggestions? Please send to wineandclimate@gmail.com 

Agence Bio

Agence Bio

Agence Bio, or Agence Française pour le Developpement et la Promotion de l'Agriculture Biologiqueis, is a French public interest group that promotes organic farming. Formed in 2001, The Agence Bio maintains the directory of organic farms and aids farms in the transition from conventional to organic farming practices.

Biodyvin

Biodyvin

Members of the Syndicat International des Vignerons en Culture Bio-Dynamique (SIVCBD) follow biodynamic techniques and philosophy. As biodynamic practices meet the requirements for organic production, BIODYVIN certified vineyards are also certified Agriculture Biologique by the Agence Bio.

ECOCERT

ECOCERT

ECOCERT is a France based organic certification company that now operates in over 80 countries. Many certification organizations, such as BIODYVIN, use them to test their members' vineyards. Their logo is often displayed on vineyard websites.

EU Organic

EU Organic

Vineyards in European Union member countries that are certified organic by the national certifying body typically meet EU standards for organic and may display the EU organic logo.

Demeter International

Demeter International

Germany based Demeter International is the oldest certification body for biodynamic agriculture. Demeter International issues certifications globally. In some countries such as the United States and United Kingdom, this is done through affiliated organization such as Demeter USA.

Demeter - USA

Demeter - USA

The US affiliate of Demeter International. Demeter USA certifies both biodynamic wineries and vineyards.

Bio Suisse

Bio Suisse

is a holistic, ecological, and ethical approach to farming, gardening, food, and nutrition. Biodynamic agriculture is based on the concept of the farm as an autonomous and living organism and structure. It is commonly seen as a quest for a balance between the production system and its environment, meaning the whole Earth. Some biodynamic practices are considered as biodynamic pillars, such as lunar and cultural calendar synchronisation, the use of preparations (for the crops and/or the compost) made from medicinal plants, cow dung and quartz.

Australian Organic

Australian Organic

is a holistic, ecological, and ethical approach to farming, gardening, food, and nutrition. Biodynamic agriculture is based on the concept of the farm as an autonomous and living organism and structure. It is commonly seen as a quest for a balance between the production system and its environment, meaning the whole Earth. Some biodynamic practices are considered as biodynamic pillars, such as lunar and cultural calendar synchronisation, the use of preparations (for the crops and/or the compost) made from medicinal plants, cow dung and quartz.

USDA ORGANIC

USDA ORGANIC

The U.S. Department of Agriculture's National Organic Program (NOP) sets the standards for organic certification and accredits certifying agency. The focus of the National Organic Program is stewardship of soil and water through cover cropping, crop rotation, composting, the prohibition of synthetic chemical use, and the practice of Integrated Pest Management.

DEFINITIONS

SUSTAINABLE

Sustainable can include a wide array of practices. Sustainable wineries often use a number of organic techniques but may not be certified as organic. Their sustainability efforts may be focused in particularly areas, such as water conservation or limiting carbon emissions. Because sustainable is such a broad concept research should be conducted on the individual vineyard or certification.

ORGANIC

Organic agriculture uses natural inputs while prohibiting, or strictly limiting synthetic substances and chemicals. Manure and bone meal may be used for fertilizers, for example. Pests are controlled through biological means and farming practices. Organic agriculture is tightly regulated in most countries. 

BIODYNAMIC

Biodynamic agriculture is a holistic, systems approach based on the ideas of Rudolf Steiner.  Biodynamic agriculture is based on the concept of the farm as an autonomous and living organism and structure. In addition to following organic standards, some specific  biodynamic practices include the use of the lunar and cultural calendar to determine the timing of agricultural activities and the use of special preparations for crops made from items such as  medicinal plants, cow dung and quartz.